AlmaLinux has been my #1 Linux OS before, but a new GNOME version broke the Dash to Panel Shell Extension that gave me that Windows desktop ‘Look‘, and I didn’t wait around for someone to fix that problem. I started testing the KDE Plasma Desktop not long after that, and have now made it my top DE…see the KDE Plasma – ‘Newb TidBits‘ page for more info.
AlmaLinux 8.5 Installation
The AlmaLinux-8.5-x86_64-dvd.iso is a huge 9.89 GB’s, and I used Rufus to create the ‘Live‘ USB on a 32 GB USB. AlmaLinux isn’t one of those Distros wid lots of Bells ‘n Whistles, it is a Secure ‘n Stable enterprise production-grade Workhorse OS, and wid a focus on Long-Term Stability. It also makes an excellent Linux ‘Desktop Duty‘ OS for home computer users.
I have done several posts on installing AlmaLinux, and will refer to those, at this time, for detailed info ‘n lots of pics: AlmaLinux. Those top four posts on that search results page have more than enough info ‘n pics on them, for most anyone to be able to install it…no need for me to do another ‘Repeat‘ of the process. The RHEL-based page also offers other info.
Make sure you use the Software Selection option:
Otherwise you get the server installation. I always select the Workstation option there:
That’s an old pic and I only selected GNOME applications & Office suite (LibreOffice) this time.
Installing KDE Plasma on AlmaLinux
I usually hold off on adding a standard ‘Password Dependent‘ user until after the installation boots up for the first time. Then do another reboot before doing anything else, since I will want to avoid that annoying “Authenticate” popups or other ‘Pesky Passwords’ pestering me for passwords, on my own Home Computers, whilst trying to work, browse, update, etc.
This reboot brings you to the Welcome Login window:
See the “Not listed?” choice? One of the *MANY* reasons why Normal Desktop/Laptop users avoid Linux like a plague is the demand for archaic ‘n annoying “Authenticate” popups or other ‘Pesky Passwords’ without an option out. Some Distros, like AlmaLinux, do offer the option out. My Windows 11 never asks me for a password. My Chrome OS ‘n CloudReady only want a password when logging on. My Android never asks for a password. Puppy Linux ‘n EasyOS never ask for passwords, and neither does Fedora 33 Cinnamon SPIN.
- Avoid any Linux Distro that doesn’t at least offer you the option out of annoying “Authenticate” popups or other ‘Pesky Passwords’, unless you need the Linux ‘Nanny‘ protecting you. One password request at the Login window is more than enough – accept no more after that!
The option out is the “Not Listed?” choice which takes you Here:
Enter Username root, then hit next, which takes you Here:
Enter the root password ‘n you boot into the Fulltime Linux Root User section.
OK…now you’re in the ‘Root User‘ section, so your workflow isn’t going to be interrupted by annoying “Authenticate” popups or other ‘Pesky Passwords’. I let the new system update first…mainly GNOME software manager, and added some new repositories in the GUI updates.
Some terminal work is up next, but there will be no sudo in the following command lines, unless you want to add it:
(NOTE: WordPress couldn’t publish a ‘dash‘ ‘dash‘ format correctly, so I added a pic instead. Can’t copy ‘n paste now, but the, dnf config-manager -(dash) -(dash)set-enabled powertools shows up right. WordPress had it as just a dash.)
Next, we want to see what packages are available to install on AlmaLinux in the Group List:
- yum group list
Now I am going to add pics of before KDE Plasma is installed ‘n after it is installed…just to show what that Group List looks like before ‘n after:
OK, we see Available Environment Groups (top pic) only offers us “normal people” a KDE Plasma DE choice. I tried to install Cinnamon, but it just wouldn’t accept the command lines, that I knew about. Later on, after KDE Plasma DE was installed, I ran that “yum group list” again and it showed KDE Plasma DE in the Installed Environment Groups (bottom pic).
Back to the terminal, and we are now ready to install the KDE Plasma DE package:
- yum groupinstall “KDE Plasma Workspaces”
That method worked on my ‘CM130‘ Ryzen™ 9 3900X wid GeForce GTX 1660 SUPER Linux test computer. In case this doesn’t work for you, I have seen some other methods, but haven’t tried them…they may work better for your hardware.
Selecting KDE Plasma DE @ Welcome Login window
Some pics I had taken in the past wid Windows Hyper-V virtualization when doing some tests wid it, but I can’t find the old switching DE’s pics of that login window, so have borrowed one (#3 below) ‘n it doesn’t show the same DE options that are available from this new installation.
OK…we have installed KDE Plasma DE, rebooted, and are back at the Welcome Login window.
We are not ‘Password Dependent‘ users on our *OWN* home computers, so in #1 we select the “Not Listed?” choice. In #2 we type in root for the Username. In #3 we enter the password, then click on the Preferences icon ‘n switch to the Plasma (X11) choice or whatever it shows on your computer.
AlmaLinux 8.5 wid KDE Plasma DE on USB
Linux Kernel version 4.18.0 ‘n everything works, and it also works on all Six of my PC’s & the Dell XPS 13 9310 laptop. Better hardware recognition than the newest Kernel’s on any of the Distros I tested recently in these KDE Plasma – ‘Newb TidBits‘ tests.
A common problem wid most Linux OSes working in the ‘Root‘ section is there is no sound in the Audio-System Settings, but AlmaLinux 8.5 wid KDE Plasma DE on USB recognized the HDMI ViewSonic Display speakers *AND* the Starship/Matisse Controller speakers:
Now, Audio-System Settings & players’ sounds always work in the standard ‘Password Dependent‘ user section, but not in the ‘Root‘ section. In the ‘Root‘ section, some Distros have sound wid audio players playing music, but not working in the Audio-System Settings. Others have no sound anywhere.
However, in most of the RHEL-based OSes, the Audio-System Settings & the players’ sounds usually work in the ‘Root‘ section. Everything works wid my Fedora 33 Cinnamon SPIN, but not wid the Fedora 34 ‘n 35 Cinnamon SPINS. I have just never tried them wid KDE Plasma DE.
Will be going over some more RHEL-based OSes in the near future, but right now AlmaLinux 8.5 wid KDE Plasma DE is the cream of the crop, IMHO. I still have Fedora 33 Cinnamon SPIN on standby, but it’s getting old. Puppy Linux is still perfect, but I don’t really like it for ‘Desktop Duty‘ with that JWM DE.
Here’s the shot of the Nvidia driver:
- This page – Search Results for: rpm – shows how to install NVIDIA drivers.
Here’s the DE:
I was going to add a section on how to restore an SSD Clonezilla image to a USB, but this post was getting too big. The Linux ‘n USB Flash Drives page explains a lot. All my permanent Linux OSes get installed to a USB *OR* restored from an SSD image to a USB. SSD is usually faster for installing ‘n testing, but if I like the test results I make an image of that Linux OS ‘n restore it to a USB. If you try it and fail, then read the Linux ‘n USB Flash Drives page.
AlmaLinux is an *INCREDIBLE* OS! Everything works, it is secure (for a Linux OS), it is stable, and I believe it is the Distro that ends up replacing the old CentOS. Takes a little work, but you ain’t going to need to fix it every few days like most of the other Linux OSes.
Will add this post to the KDE Plasma – ‘Newb TidBits‘ page, the Distros w/ *NO* “Authenticate” popup or other ‘Pesky Passwords’ page, and the Karmi’s Top 10 Linux Distros page as my #1 Linux Distro.
LINUX IS LIKE A BOX OF CHOCOLATES – you never know what you’re gonna get!