Anyone who knows anything about Desktop OS Linux knows that it is damaged beyond repair due to Fragmentation. If one includes the Distros, the Flavors, the Spins, the DE’s (Desktop Environments), etc. then the number of available Desktop Linux OSes goes over 2,000++.

Everything else that is connected to Linux also becomes Fragmented, e.g. there are many many different system installers for Linux Distros.

Fragmentation is Why Linux Hasn’t Succeeded on Desktop: Linus Torvalds

  • Too many cooks spoil the broth.
  • Too many choices overwhelm the consumer/customer/user.
  • It seems to be that Chromebooks and Android are the paths towards the desktop.

That’s Linus Torvalds addressing the Fragmentation problems surrounding the Linux Desktop OS.

As I often mention, 4 of my Top 5 Linux Distros are RHEL-based (Red Hat Enterprise Linux), and they use the Anaconda installer. It can be tricky to figure out, and evidence of that is scattered throughout my blog.  😉  Also, the Anaconda installer for Fedora 33 Cinnamon Spin is different from the Anaconda installer for CentOS Stream.

In this post, I have tried to collect ‘n organize all the previous pics added here when posting about using the Anaconda installer. Most are my own pics on different Distros like Fedora, CentOS 8, CentOS Stream, Oracle, and AlmaLinux. Some pics are in Dark mode ‘n others are in Light mode. I am not a professional at grabbing screenshots, so it often has not been easy to get the pics needed.

Anaconda (installer) is used by Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL), Fedora, AlmaLinux, CentOS Stream, and Oracle Linux


Anaconda is the installation program used by Fedora, Red Hat Enterprise Linux and some other distributions.

During installation, a target computer’s hardware is identified and configured, and the appropriate file systems for the system’s architecture are created. Finally, anaconda allows the user to install the operating system software on the target computer. anaconda can also upgrade existing installations of earlier versions of the same distribution. After the installation is complete, you can reboot into your installed system and continue doing customization using initial setup.

Anaconda is a fairly sophisticated installer. It supports installation from local and remote sources such as CDs and DVDs, images stored on a hard drive, NFS, HTTP, and FTP. Installation can be scripted with kickstart to provide a fully unattended installation that can be duplicated on scores of machines. It can also be run over VNC on headless machines. A variety of advanced storage devices including LVM, RAID, iSCSI, and multipath are supported from the partitioning program. anaconda provides advanced debugging features such as remote logging, access to the python interactive debugger, and remote saving of exception dumps.

This is the pic of the Installation Summary for AlmaLinux, CentOS Stream, and Oracle:

The order (in Green) is the way I do it. That #1 Installation Destination must be done correctly or the installation will never be able to start.

This next pic is the Installation Summary for Fedora 33 Cinnamon Spin:

Note that it doesn’t have the Software Selection choice, because the Anaconda installer recognizes that this Distro is a Cinnamon Spin with no other software options.

Clicking  #1 or 1rst Installation Destination choice takes you to the actual “Installation Destination” window. It will look something like this…depending on what target devices are available. When you are sure that you have selected the correct device, and there is a ‘Check Mark‘ there, then click Done.


After clicking Done, you’ll get a small Installation Options popup window like this:

Click the Reclaim space, which takes you to a Reclaim Disk Space window. Note I have offered both a Light pic and a Dark pic of the same Reclaim Disk Space  window:

Light version

Dark version

Highlight (click on) the top “Preserve” choice, and then click Delete all.

After selecting “Delete all” the window changes (note from “Preserve” to “Delete”)…here are the Light and Dark windows:

Light version

Dark version

Highlight (click on) the top “Delete” option, and then click Reclaim space. If done correctly, you’ll return to…

Back to Installation Summary and now the #2 Software Selection option:

Note that the #2 option isn’t available if you’re installing Fedora 33 Cinnamon Spin.

For AlmaLinux, CentOS Stream, and Oracle you’ll get this window after selecting the #2 option, i.e. Software Selection:

Note if you miss the Software Selection choice, then the installer installs the Server option automatically…OOOPS!  🙂  Main thing, if you’re a newbie like me, is to select the Workstation choice. I was just guessing on what “Additional software” choices, but haven’t had any problems when I left that all blank. When finished, click Done and you return to…

Back to Installation Summary and now the #3 or 2nd Root Password options (Note – I don’t create a “User” until a Distro forces me to!!!):

I like short passwords, so the installer will want you to do a double-click on Done and you’ll return to…

Back to Installation Summary:

All the Anaconda red highlights are now gone – ready to Begin Installation.

Reclaiming the disk space on yore target disk is possibly the most difficult to learn at first, IMHO. Just make sure all the installer’s red highlighted are gone, and then the “Begin Installation” box will light up.

In the almost 29 months of piddling wid ‘n experimenting wid ‘n the testing of Linux Distros here, one of the most pleasant discoveries was the RHEL-based (Red Hat Enterprise Linux) Distros.

Will add this post to the RHEL-based page…

LINUX IS LIKE A BOX OF CHOCOLATES – you never know what you’re gonna get!