The Linux Foundation, The Linux Kernel Organization, and others that make up the entire Linux Leadership Community have *NEVER* actually focused on regular Desktop OS users. Yes, there are a few Distros that focus on Desktop OS users, but they are still stuck with the same ‘Business’ focused product/s offered by the Linux Leadership Community.

  • The Linux Foundation leadership team includes experts in technology management, business, legal, marketing, and ecosystem development – all focused on open technology.
  • Streamline project operations and boost community engagement with digital tooling, contributor and participation analytics, and infrastructure management.
  • We provide turnkey technology and support programs for developer enablement, business operations, marketing and events, and membership development to help projects scale fast – with OSS flavor and flair.
  • Innovation comes from everywhere. We help companies and developers identify and contribute to the projects that matter. Working together, the Open Source Community is addressing the challenges of industry and technology for the benefit of society.
  • The Linux Kernel Organization is managed by The Linux Foundation, which provides full technical, financial and staffing support for running and maintaining the infrastructure.

Desktop OS users are not even a ‘Second Thought’ of the Linux Leadership Community. A majority of Worldwide Desktop OS users expect a fully functional mouse; however, I have found that a majority of Linux Desktop OS users don’t even realize they are using an OS that has never mastered the ‘basic Wheel Mouse’ in over 30 years!?!

  • Windows 10 offers from 1-100 lines per notch of the wheel (vertically). A Linux Distro offers about 1.5-2  lines per notch of the wheel (vertically).
  • Windows 10 offers from 1-100 characters at a time horizontally with a tilt of the wheel. As far as I know, no Linux Distro offers horizontal scrolling.
  • Windows 10 offers auto-scrolling. A majority of Linux Desktop OS users have never heard of “auto-scrolling” with a mouse.

The keyboard is the main focus of the Linux Kernel maintainers, and in fact it is better at scrolling under Linux than any mouse.

Business’ and/or ‘Commercial Enterprise’ is the main area of focus for Linux Leadership Community.

Linux ‘Specialty’ OSes

Over the 2-plus years of testing Linux Distros for ‘Desktop Duty’ on this Linux Newbie blog, I have discovered that even tho Linux is a terrible Desktop OS, it offers many ‘Specialty’ OSes. For years, Linux has been thought of as a Server OS ‘n a Developer’s OS, but Linux now covers all kinds of areas like the Public cloud, OpenStack, IoT, Kubernetes, etc.

Two of my favorite ‘Specialty’ Distros are 1) – Penetration Testing ‘n Ethical Hacking Kali Linux and 2) – Anti-forensic ‘n Anonymous distro Kodachi Linux.

Have also heard that Linux works great on old computers, where Windows 10 cannot work properly because of the old hardware. That is also a ‘Specialty‘.

My personal favorite ‘Specialty’ use for Linux is its ‘Portable’ ability on USB’s. If I like a Distro, it will offer two things: 1) – Portability, i.e. able to do a full install of the Distro to a USB ‘n that USB will work in most any computer. 2) – has no annoying “Authenticate” popup/s and offers the option of Fulltime Linux Root User.

Another ‘Specialty’ area that I like to combine with ‘Portability’ is the ‘Rescue’ ability of some Distros. Puppy Linux 9.5 is currently my favorite Portable ‘n Rescue Distro, but I have used Puppy Linux for years as my main Rescue OS. Puppy will do things no other Linux Distro or Windows OSes will do ‘n I even have a ‘Companion OS for Windows 10‘ page for Puppy Linux.

As great as Puppy Linux is, it still lacks the ‘Feel’ of what I like in an OS that I use a lot. Of all the Distros listed on the Karmi’s Top 10 Linux Distros page, Fedora 33 Cinnamon Spin is the Linux Distro I use the most, as my Secondary OS.

I recently tested the new Fedora 34 release, but will wait until their next update of it before I test it again. Their default GNOME Workstation is for ‘Password Dependent’ Linux users, so I use the Cinnamon Spin version.

Some of the problems I had with the new Fedora 34 release is representative of why Linux is a terrible Desktop OS – i.e. LINUX IS LIKE A BOX OF CHOCOLATES – you never know what you’re gonna get!  😉

I don’t care if it’s the Stable Kernel or the Rolling Release Kernel that a Distro is using, at some point your hardware is not going to have a clue what the OS is, and you’ll have a none functioning computer. Ubuntu is probably the most stable Linux Distro by far; however, one of their upgrades in the past 18 months failed to work with one of my Nvidia GPU’s so I moved on from Ubuntu. I had used Ubuntu for years ‘n years without a problem (other than Wireless USB Adapters), but that new release wouldn’t work with my Nvidia GPU. The issue was fixed over their next few updates, but I was about done with Ubuntu at that point, and I started discovering Fulltime Linux Root User Distros soon after that.

Installing a full Distro to a USB takes longer than it does installing it to a SSD, but with the low costs of a Linux compatible USB it’s worth the extra time, IMHO. Yes, many USB’s are not compatible with the Linux ext4 file system, so I have the Linux ‘n USB Flash Drives page  that offers more info on that subject.

Speaking of Pages, I have the ‘Life wid‘ Fedora page that has posts on using the Anaconda installer used by Red Hat Enterprise Linux, Oracle Linux, CentOS Stream, Fedora, AlmaLinux OS, and Rocky Linux Distros. Great installer once you figure out how to use it properly.

I use either Samsung or SanDisk USB’s for the full installations, since both are compatible with the ext4 file system. I believe all Distros and all USB’s recognize the Fat32 file system, so most any USB can be used to create ‘Live’ bootable media.

CentOS Stream, AlmaLinux OS, Manjaro-Architect, and Rocky Linux are all over 7+++GB ISO’s and will need bigger USB’s. I use 128 GB USB’s for those full installations, and 32 GB USB’s for the their ‘Live’ bootable media.

For starters, Fedora gets full install onto a 32 GB USB using a 16 GB USB for its ‘Live’ media. Puppy Linux can be installed onto a kitchen sink if you want, but the ‘Live’ media is all you’ll need…I use 32 GB’s for it.

I use SanDisk Ultra USB’s for quick access ‘n portability:

SanDisk Ultra Fit are tiny and I use them for more permanent installations:

I actually like the Samsung FIT Plus USB’s better for permanent installations:

The SanDisk Ultra Fit is smaller ‘n useful between two USB’s on a 4-port Hub:

For the 7+++ GB ISO’s, I sometimes use a 120 GB SSD for the first installation, since the installation goes much faster than to a USB. Then I use Clonezilla to make a backup cloned image of that SSD installation, which I later restore to a 128 GB USB.

Learn how to use Clonezilla

Clonezilla is an excellent Open Source tool…especially for Distros that use a stable kernel or maybe a hybrid kernel. Probably not very useful long-term for Distros using the rolling release kernel, but Clonezilla can still probably help them short-term. I have found the majority of ‘Bleeding Edge’ rolling release Distros far too unstable for my use, and they are always slow at addressing new hardware, IMHO. Point is, I’m not sure about using Clonezilla with the rolling releases.

Wikipedia – ‘As of February 2016, Fedora has an estimated 1.2 million users, including Linus Torvalds (as of May 2020), creator of the Linux kernel.’ – and I am not sure what kernel they use; however, it’s fairly up-to-date without being ‘Bleeding-Edge’. I’ve had a couple issues (over the past 12-18 months) when they updated the kernel, but usually just reverted back to an older kernel or used a Clonezilla image to restore it to a working condition. Here is a pic of my 240 GB SSD that I save Clonezilla images to:

Underlined in Red is the old Fedora 32 GB image ‘n lower down is the new 2021-05-04 updated 32 GB image that I have on the handy 32 GB SanDisk Ultra USB now. Will delete that old image soon.

I restored that Fedora 2021-04-28 image to two Samsung FIT Plus 128 GB USB’s after the failed Fedora 34 tests – one to ‘Rose’ and other to ‘CM130’. ‘Apevia’ uses any ‘n all.

Clonezilla has saved me lots of time…lots ‘n lots of time in my testing over the past 28 months. Was a little tough to learn, but they offer some great help, e.g. Screenshots about Clonezilla. Clonezilla live doc. Took me a few practice runs…taking notes of the steps to get it right, and now it goes super-fast ‘n easy. There’s a couple ISO versions of it…am using the alternative stable groovy version recently.

Here are two pics showing what I mean by being a ‘Portable’ OS:

That’s the 32 GB SanDisk Ultra USB with Fedora 33 Cinnamon Spin on it, and in the ‘CM130’ AMD Linux test computer.

Here’s that same 32 GB SanDisk Ultra USB with Fedora 33 Cinnamon Spin on it, immediately plugged into the ‘Rose’ Intel Linux test computer:

Even tho it was just in a computer with the GeForce 1660 Super (top pic), Fedora 33 immediately recognizes the GeForce 1050 Ti when the USB is plugged into a different computer.

UPDATE: Here’s another pic, using the same 32 GB SanDisk Ultra USB with Fedora 33 Cinnamon Spin on it, but just plugged into the ‘Apevia‘ main computer:

Not all Linux Distros are as portable as Puppy and Fedora Linux, and not all can be fully installed to a USB. Not all Distros can spot ‘n install your GPU drivers either; however, if you’re not a gamer, but they install the correct Nouveau driver for your GPU then you’re probably OK.

Another nice reason for using the Distro fully installed to a USB is that you can plug it into most any Windows computer without interfering with the Window OS, and test the Distro all you want. You would need to know your Boot Menu key…hit it at bootup, and just select the USB device from the Boot Menu.

  • Note: If someone you don’t like has asked you to check a problem they are having with their computer (for free, of course), you can say that you will be happy to check it out. Then, quietly wipe his WIN10 off the C Drive, as you pretend to be getting close to fixing it – then…suddenly, you say something like … like “OOOPS!” Try not to laugh when you say it, and try to maintain a straight face as you explain the problem will need a more experienced computer techie to fix it.  😉

Linux definitely is not a Plug ‘n Play OS, so you’ll not be fixing any printer and/or scanner problems with it. I’ve used Puppy Linux a lot, to fix file problems that other Linux Distros and/or Windows OSes can’t fix – or even delete. Puppy Linux doesn’t care what the Linux Leadership Community has to say…Puppy Linux will just do what you ask. Puppy Linux has recovered pics that have been corrupted on other Linux Distros…pics I had taken during an installation test.

Find yourself a reliable Distro, that can be installed to a USB, and then test that USB on other computers to see if it works. If it passes the tests, then make it your Secondary OS. Meanwhile, of course, always keep Puppy Linux nearby!  😉

LINUX IS LIKE A BOX OF CHOCOLATES – you never know what you’re gonna get!