In Part 1 I had mentioned that Kali Linux “was literally thrashing humble Linux Newbie me” in my first attempt to install it back on 5/9/2019. Almost two years later, in my second attempt at installing Kali Linux, the early moments ‘seemed’ as if this installation was going to be another thrashing. 😉
I am not big on RTFM for anything, especially not big on reading a Linux Distro’s manual; however, I do glance thru them at times, especially for any info on creating a ‘Live’ USB installation medium.
- 2. If you’re running under Windows, there is not one tool that is considered the overall best for imaging. We recommend Etcher, however Rufus is another popular option. If one does not work for you, consider the other.
My first installation attempts were done on USB’s created w/ Rufus, and they weren’t working or were having failures. I tried the ‘Live’ method on my first installation attempt, but couldn’t find an Install App on the ‘Live’ Desktop or in the applications list. Take a look at this pic:
All my early attempts were done with that Kali Linux 64-Bit (Live) 3.4GB ISO ( kali-linux-2021.1-live-amd64.iso ), even after I had switched to Etcher to create the USB media, and that was probably why I was having Déjà vu moments of feeling I had been thru this thrashing before. 😉 Am not sure what installer Kali Linux uses…maybe a version of Anaconda or one with that ‘Look’? I wasn’t prepared for an installer like that, and it took time for me to get use to it.
I had gone into these tests with a negative approach to testing Kali Linux because I had read where they recently stopped allowing Root User access – see my Fulltime Linux Root User ‘n annoying “Authenticate” popup/s or other ‘Pesky Passwords’ posts for what I think about ‘Password Dependent’ Distros – and they had started enforcing the Linux Inquisitors’ “Holy Inquisition”. More on that in another part…
At some point, after switching to Etcher for creating the boot media, I decided to try another approach ‘n a different ISO. Went with the Kali Linux 64-Bit (NetInstaller) 379MB ISO ( kali-linux-2021.1-installer-netinst-amd64 ). Also, just before the ISO switch, I had been experimenting with prepping the target disk with GParted since the “Guided” disk partitioning wasn’t working, and one installation finally worked using that method. However, after I had removed that disk, then later put it back in it wouldn’t work!? Bummer!
After a break ‘n with a new ISO…new USB media creator ‘n some prep work with GParted I was ready for another try. Went with “Manual” partitioning instead of “Guided,” and this time I got it to stay working even after pulling the disk out. Great!
I usually have 3 computers going when doing these tests … ‘Antec Jr.’ is my main computer, running WIN10 Pro, and is used for Hyper-V virtual work plus downloading ISO’s plus reading web pages during installs plus creating USB media during the tests plus posting ‘n etc. ‘Apevia’, ‘Rose’ and ‘CM130’ are the Linux Distro test computers…usually one doing the tests ‘n another handling reformatting of USB’s and test SSD’s. Rather than link to them every time I mention one here is a link with my Computer’s Info.
Installation pics can be found on Kali Linux all over the web, but they offer lots of pics at Installing Kali Linux. They use the “Guided” method, but the “Manual” method worked better for me ‘n I will show a couple of those pics made from a test in Hyper-V. The actual Installer offers a “Screenshot” button in the lower left, but I was never able to find any of those pics…hey, I’m a non-volunteer amateur Linux Newbie – since 1996! Some quick points:
- Using an Ethernet hardwire internet connection makes configuring the Network easier
- I chose “Forced UEFI” when it came up
- Used “Manual” successfully – with ‘n without GParted ‘n basically went with a 600 MB Fat32 EFI System #1 partition, a 100 GB ext4 #2 partition and a 19-20 GB swap #3 partition.
- The Kali Linux 64-Bit (Live) 3.4GB ISO ( kali-linux-2021.1-live-amd64.iso ) does a default Xfce install, so I stopped using it and went with the Kali Linux 64-Bit (NetInstaller) 379MB ISO ( kali-linux-2021.1-installer-netinst-amd64 ) which offers Gnome and KDE Plasma as choices for desktop environments.
- In most cases, I went with default selections if I didn’t know. The NetInstaller ISO would ask for firmware that it saw missing…just said I didn’t have a disk.
That should do it for now. Here is a pic of the final “Manual” partitioning:
Make sure you have set EFI System Partition for the Fat32 partition. Make sure that the Mount Point in the ext4 partition shows the slash – “/”.
The final “Manual” partitioned disk should look something like this in the installer:
Click “Finish partitioning and write changes to disk” if it looks close to that, has the EFI System P for #1 partition and the slash “/” for the #2 partition…swap is only there because I read something that mentioned it (probably in my failed “Guided” attempts?).
Then you get to a “Software selection” – if you’re using the Kali Linux 64-Bit (NetInstaller) 379MB ISO – and get a choice of desktop environments:
I unchecked Xfce and then checked Gnome…the rest was left as default.
After installation…here is the “About” pic:
That’s from the ‘Apevia’ installation.
As mentioned earlier in this post – ‘I had gone into these tests with a negative approach to testing Kali Linux because I had read where they recently stopped allowing Root User access’ – and was prepping a negative post. However, I wanted to *HAMMER* Kali Linux with something more powerful than the 16-pound double faced sledge hammer I had handy…thusly, I started searching for some really ‘Dirty *DIRTY* Dirt’ on Kali Linux. How dare Kali Linux revoke their previous Root User access!!!!!!!!!
- ‘Whar’s ‘dat ‘Dirty *DIRTY* Dirt’!!!!!
Until recently, Kali Linux used the root account by default. In the latest versions of Kali, root login is disabled, forcing you to login to the GUI as your normal user account. The reasoning behind this change should be obvious, but if you’re a Kali user, you probably know your way around a Linux system by now, and there’s not much risk in letting you use the root account to login. Kali developers must’ve known that this change would annoy some people, because they’ve made it very convenient to re-enable the root login.
This post is now headed to the new Kali Linux page…
LINUX IS LIKE A BOX OF CHOCOLATES – you never know what you’re gonna get!