Another one of the Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) group, along with Fedora ‘n CentOS, that’s headed into my Top 4 rated Distros because it lets me run my own Desktop OS without annoying “Authenticate” popup/s or other ‘Pesky Passwords’.

Oracle Linux

An open and complete operating environment, Oracle Linux delivers virtualization, management, and cloud native computing tools, along with the operating system, in a single support offering. Oracle Linux is 100% application binary compatible with Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Huge 8.6 GB OracleLinux-R8-U3-x86_64-dvd iso, which makes it even bigger than CentOS Stream, and which I somehow accidently downloaded it twice…I dunno how!?!? Time of the month that humble me runs out of ISP “Anytime Data” so I started early in afternoon ‘n went to bed thinking it would be finished downloading before it got into my ISP “Bonus Bytes” from 2:00 AM to 8:00 AM. Yep it was done when I got up ‘n also had a OracleLinux-R8-U3-x86_64-dvd (1) iso in my download folder…geeez! Anyway, Hughes Net just throttles down the downloads when data runs out, but doesn’t charge for the extra, so I try to work downloads in when I’m not busy surfing. I had been checking on who had the correct iso to download, and must’ve hit a download button that didn’t register w/ me or my Free Download Manager.

Linux can get complicated at time, and trying to get the right iso can be difficult…e.g. I had also downloaded a MidnightBSD 2.0 iso prior for testing, and it would only install on a CD/DVD…so, I went back ‘n found a  MidnightBSD-2.0–amd64-memstick.img image for installing on a USB. BSD is actually worse than Linux, IMHO. I don’t believe I have ever successfully installed any BSD version. Gentoo is the only Linux Distro that keeps beating me at installation. Lots of failed testing this month, when the BSD’s are included.

Oracle Linux 8.3 Is Out and It Brings a Much Improved Installer, SELinux Updates

Derived from the source code of Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8.3, Oracle Linux 8 Update 3 is here six months after Oracle Linux 8.2 and it’s powered by the latest Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel Release 6 (UEK R6) based on the upstream long-term supported Linux 5.4 kernel, along with the Red Hat Compatible Kernel (RHCK).

So much more fun testing a Linux Distro when the annoying “Authenticate” popup/s or other ‘Pesky Passwords’ ain’t pestering you all the time!!! Seems like I tried Oracle before, but may have had problems; however, I can find nothing on it after a quick search, so I dunno!? May have had installer problems and didn’t do a post because I couldn’t get it installed…I just dunno!?

It was sorta like installing Fedora ‘n CentOS since it also uses the Anaconda installer:

Anaconda is the installation program used by Fedora, Red Hat Enterprise Linux and some other distributions.

During installation, a target computer’s hardware is identified and configured, and the appropriate file systems for the system’s architecture are created. Finally, anaconda allows the user to install the operating system software on the target computer. anaconda can also upgrade existing installations of earlier versions of the same distribution. After the installation is complete, you can reboot into your installed system and continue doing customization using initial setup.

Anaconda is a fairly sophisticated installer. It supports installation from local and remote sources such as CDs and DVDs, images stored on a hard drive, NFS, HTTP, and FTP. Installation can be scripted with kickstart to provide a fully unattended installation that can be duplicated on scores of machines. It can also be run over VNC on headless machines. A variety of advanced storage devices including LVM, RAID, iSCSI, and multipath are supported from the partitioning program. anaconda provides advanced debugging features such as remote logging, access to the python interactive debugger, and remote saving of exception dumps.

Red Hat also talks about it – Introduction to Anaconda:

The Red Hat Enterprise Linux installer, Anaconda, is different from most other operating system installation programs due to its parallel nature. Most installers follow a fixed path: you must choose your language first, then you configure network, then installation type, then partitioning, and so on. There is usually only one way to proceed at any given time.
In Anaconda you are only required to select your language and locale first, and then you are presented with a central screen, where you can configure most aspects of the installation in any order you like. This does not apply to all parts of the installation process, however – for example, when installing from a network location, you must configure the network before you can select which packages to install.

Oracle requires creating the standard ‘Password Dependent‘ user like CentOS, at some point, which Fedora doesn’t require: however, you can still login as root at the Welcome Screen’s login window. Here is the Installation Summary window:

Note the “Software Selection” option…it gives you 5-6 Base Environment installation options to choose from, and to the right of each option it offers Add-On options for each selection choice:

I ‘borrowed‘ those two pics from the Oracle® Linux 8 Installing Oracle Linux guide…one of these days I gonna buy ‘whatever-it-is‘ that could capture pics for me during these tests; however, everything I check out seems to be related to Game Capture video stuff. Looks like it will require a phone call to Newegg and/or B&H for info ‘n advice, if I ever get one ‘n if they have something like that…I dunno!? Anyway, the Workstation option gives you more Desktop add-ons to choose from, e.g. LibreOffice.

Fedora Media Writer ‘n balenaEtcher both worked when creating the bootable USB media, but it was very slow. Oh, speaking of slow…after installing Oracle, it can take around 3 minutes to reboot and/or shutdown. Am not sure why rebooting and/or shutting down takes so long, but it may be that “Unbreakable Kernel” causing the slowdowns.

Another problem was with the Nvidia drivers for the GeForce GTX 1660 card…go thru the process and kept getting an error saying there is a problem with the kernel-tree or some kernel problem. Finally just gave up:

That generic “llvmpipe” driver will have to do, because I’m done trying to get the Nvidia driver installed.

LibreOffice Writer may have been another problem caused by the “Unbreakable Kernel,” but am not sure. Graphics seem OK, other than it not being the right Nvidia driver, but Writer only opens in a sorta-fullscreen (but there is a real fullscreen option) ‘n a tiny icon size version. Maybe its something new w/ LibreOffice, but it could also be the graphics not allowing me to resize the Writer window. Yes, it suks! Here is the desktop with GNOME’s Dash to Panel extension added:

GNOME is the most customizable DE, IMHO. KDE may actually be more customizable, but it is already too ‘busy‘ for me, so I end up with GNOME’s Dash to Panel or Cinnamon. Desktop users like the Microsoft Windows look, even fulltime Linux users, for the most part.

A Distro gets a lot of points with me if it doesn’t try to force me into the ‘Password Dependent‘ position and/or AKA Fetal position:

Don’t annoy humble me with your “Authenticate” popup/s or other ‘Pesky Passwords’ on *MY OWN* Desktop OS and I’ll use it. At least give me the option to login at the Welcome Screen as root, e.g. CentOS ‘n Oracle. Will move Oracle onto the Distros w/ *NO* “Authenticate” popup or other ‘Pesky Passwords’ page ‘n also onto the Karmi’s Top 10 Linux Distros page…#4 spot on both pages. Not as good as CentOS, IMHO, but there may be more to the “Unbreakable Kernel” than I realize. Didn’t test it on my Intel test machines yet, so maybe LibreOffice Writer works better there. Oracle is a ‘Big Boy‘ Enterprise OS, but have also made a strong Desktop/Workstation OS to go along with it.