UPDATE 11/23/2020: Am reclaiming Media Library space by deleting old pics. Trying to thin out the Media Library’s pics from posts that get few visits … hopefully it doesn’t ruin your view of the post.

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The other day I compared Persistent Storage with doing a Full Install of Ubuntu 18.04.3 on a USB in the Windows 7 Users – ‘Persistent Storage vs Full Install on USB’ post, but I really didn’t go into the Persistent Storage part like I wanted to. Also, I do so many of these tests that I sometimes forget what Distro did what on what test, and may at times make a mistake, so double-check my info – I am not a scientific tester nor am I a magazine writer, mainly just a Linux Newbie trying out Linux in as many ways as I can. Often, a utility or Distro may do an update that fixes a problem I had spotted – ‘Thangs change in the Linux World just like they do in the real World.

For some time now, I’ve been puzzled as to why creating a basic ‘Live’ USB with a Distro’s iso takes only 4-5 minutes (depending on which bootable media creator you are using), and why it takes longer for other USB methods. I tried doing a Full Install of Ubuntu 19.10 today, from a ‘Live’ USB with Persistent Storage where I had the Rufus 3.8 utility change the ‘Live’ USB’s “Partition scheme” from MBR to a GPT partition table (I try many different ways)…I stopped the Full Install right after the 2 hour mark (Ubuntu 18.04.3 took only 40 minutes a couple days ago). So many Distros I try doing Full Installs to USB take forever, and few of those are ever successful. Many save me the long wait time by just stopping the installation attempt soon after the attempt is started – those are actually lucky for me. I used to stop the attempts after 15 minutes or so, then at 30 minutes, and now today at just over 2 hours…GEEZ! Only myself to blame. Portable Distros like BionicPup, MX Linux, Kali, Tiny Core, Sparky, Damn Small Linux, Fatdog and various other Puppies, Peppermint, Porteus, Slax, Trisquel Mini, etc. usually install very fast, if they need to be installed at all; however, none of them are close to being the ‘Desktop’ OS that Ubuntu is. Kodachi is another ‘Specialty’ favorite of mine that is difficult to do a Full Install to USB with, but it’s great on a ‘Live’ USB with Persistent Storage, and lightning on a SSD.

Rufus 3.8 is one of the utilities that offer a Persistent Storage option, and I believe they just started offering that this year. BTW, Ubuntu is one of the few Linux Distros that can have persistence added, Ubuntu and many of Ubuntu-based Distros. After I had created the Ubuntu 19.10 ‘Live’ USB with Persistent Storage, I was quite impressed with how easy it was to work from the USB with…even gave it a quick test on Antec Jr. to see how it handled that GeForce GTX 1660 GPU, and it worked perfect with it. Then I moved to main Linux test machine, Antec Sr. and proceeded with that 2 hour Full Install attempt. Well, enough, and 2 hours wasted; however, that ‘Live’ USB with Persistent Storage was working great, so why not do some more tests with it. Changing the partition from MBR to the GPT partition made it boot quicker, and without having to go into BIOS to change from UEFI to Legacy, as many Linux Distros require. I was liking this Ubuntu 19.10 ‘Live’ USB with Persistent Storage so much, that I put in another USB and opened Rufus 3.8 again…hey, I needed some pics to go with this post!

Had already downloaded the Ubuntu 19.10 iso about a week ago, and decided to test the new Rufus 3.8’s Persistence ability…opened and hit the “Select” dropdown menu next to “Boot selection” – NOTE: have placed all following pics points in “red” area:

That opens a window to search for the iso you want to create on the ‘Live’ USB:

Since the Ubuntu 19.0 is a Distro that is capable of using Persistent Storage, Rufus 3.8 has added the “Persistent partition size” option, and I make it 3GBs in size:

As mentioned earlier, I changed the “Partition scheme” from MBR to GPT & let Rufus automatically decide what “Target system” to use:

1rst, hit “Start”, and a warning popup comes up – 2nd, hit the “OK” button:

When it’s finished, it usually beeps/blinks and says it is “Ready”:

Here is a WIN10 Disk Management view of the newly created ‘Live’ USB that shows the 3GB Persistent Storage area:

Here is the ‘Live’ USB’s GParted view of newly created USB’s 3GB “Linux Persistence” partition:

Works on all my computers – here’s the info view from Antec Sr. the main Linux test machine:

Unlike the Full Install of Ubuntu 18.04.3 to a USB the other day, apparently this ‘Live’ USB with Persistent Storage doesn’t show what disk it is, i.e. its listed as “Unknown” because Antec Sr. doesn’t have any other disks in it. On the other computers, the info shows their OS drives – for whatever reason?!

OK…next, the ‘Live’ Ubuntu 19.10 comes with NVIDIA drivers (and/or compatible ones), and it can also do software updates – which basically makes it similar to a Full Install:

Here’s the Gnome desktop:

Here’s the Dash to Panel desktop:

It took 14 minutes for Rufus 3.8 to create the ‘Live’ Ubuntu 19.10 USB … so creating the Persistent Storage area added about 9 minutes to a basic ‘Live’ USB without Persistent Storage. Beats 40 minutes, and destroys the 2 hour attempt.

As I point out on other posts in the WIN 7 series: For Windows 7 users, I recommend moving to Windows 10, but also show methods of testing Linux. Upgrading from WIN7 to WIN10 is still an option that Microsoft offers. You can also buy a legal OEM license of Windows 10 Pro from URcdkey for $14.67, use a Code number and lower that price to $11.74. If Microsoft Activates that license, then it is legal, and they have Activated all 5 of the Windows 10 Pro licenses I have purchased. Just install it, say you have no Key License number when asked, and then Activate it *AFTER* installation using the Microsoft License Key that URcdkey sends you. Heck, if you have the money then it’s probably time to Build or Buy a new Windows 10 computer … use that old computer for testing Linux on.